Dental Braces & Orthodontics
Orthodontics is a speciality in dentistry that involves straightening teeth and correcting malocclusions (incorrect bites). Dental braces are an orthodontic appliance which can be used to straighten teeth and correct incorrect bites. They can be fixed to the teeth or be removable. The braces gradually move the teeth to into a more satisfying position, improving appearance, function and can make cleaning the teeth easier.
Who Needs Braces?
Braces can be needed for a number of reasons:
- Squint teeth
- Teeth that stick out
- Teeth that cause damage to the roof of your mouth or tongue
- Lower jaws that are too big
- Lower jaws that are too small
Reasons to have braces are:
- You are unhappy with the way your teeth look
- You have trouble chewing
- The position of your teeth make you at risk of breaking them if you have an accident
- The position of your teeth cause you to bite the roof of your mouth or tongue
- The position of your teeth make keeping them clean very difficult
Ideally, dental braces should be fitted during the childhood years between seven and fifteen to get the best result. It is becoming increasingly popular for adults to seek orthodontic treatments with braces.
Types Of Braces
Braces can be fixed or removable. The common types of braces are made up of metal, ceramic or composite brackets which are fitted to the front or the reverse of the teeth and wires known as arch wires are connected to these. Sometimes small elastic bands are also used to connect the brackets and wires. The brace applies a continued and regular amount of force to the teeth which gradually moves them into the desired position.
How Long Will You Need To Wear Braces?
This depends on how far we need to move your teeth and how easily your teeth will move. Your treatment may take 6 months to 2 years. During this time, you will need to attend for appointments every 6 weeks to have your braces adjusted and your progress monitored.
BUT orthodontic treatment is for life! Once you get your braces off you will need to wear an appliance called a retainer at least 2-3 nights a week at night. This will stop your teeth moving back to the position that they started in. If you want to keep your teeth straight, it is very important that you regularly wear your retainer.
How Can We Help?
At One Dental, we will carry out a full orthodontic assessment for you. This involves taking measurements and asking you questions. We will then refer you to an orthodontic specialist colleague in Inverness.
Risks Of Orthodontics
As with all treatment,having braces come with some risks.
- The teeth may move back to the position that they started in.
- The teeth may devitalise which means that the nerve inside them may die.
- The teeth may get decay around the braces. This is caused by not keeping the braces clean enough during treatment.
If you have any questions or would like to know more about braces, please ask your dentist.